Clean Water

The most immediately apparent impact of water scarcity in Africa is on the continent’s health. With a complete lack of water, humans can only live up to 3 to 5 days on average. This often forces those living in water deprived regions to turn to unsafe water resources, which, according to the World Health Organization, contributes to the spread of waterborne diseases including typhoid fever, cholera, dysentery and diarrhea, and to the spread of diseases such as malaria whose vectors rely on such water resources, and can lead to diseases such as trachoma, plague, and typhus. Water scarcity or lack of safe drinking water is one of the world’s leading problems affecting more people in African continent.  Research has it that one in eight (884 million) of the world’s population do not have access to clean water, while 2.5 billion lack adequate sanitation. At any given time most of the African population will be suffering from a disease caused by dirty water, poor sanitation or water-borne parasites. Mariana Global Relief Foundations has engaged on a battle to create many avenues for clean drinking waters for African nations. Access to clean water and sanitation will promote good health and less diseased environment. Our comprehensive plan details an increase in access to reliable water resources that ultimately reduces vulnerability to water borne diseases, and which allows for increased livelihood security and for families to allocate a greater portion of their resources to caring for their children. This means improved nutrition for children, a reduction in school days missed due to health issues. Groundwater is generally a readily available source of water throughout Africa. Research estimates suggest that up to one million new boreholes will be needed in Africa to achieve a tangible solution to scarcity of water. The average cost of drilling a borehole can be approximately USD$8,000 per rig.